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By Marcus Tullius Cicero

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Yet Caelius used to be the more youthful and had extra endurance than Catullus; C! odia could weil have chanced on him extra enjoyable; he was once cynical and calculating and funky: and it's hugely possible that this 77th poem displays the end result of a contention among them. If this can be permitted, the case for opting for the Caelius of poem fifty eight with M. Caelius Rufus turns into much more tricky: it comprises a transformation of perspective on Catullus' half amounting it sounds as if to accomplish forgiveness, which, in a question so deeply about the /oedus amicitiae, was once fullyyt overseas to his nature. z 2. That Lesbia's genuine identify was once Clodial is acknowledged by means of Apuleius (Apo!. 10). so much students have agreed that this Clodia was once Metellus' spouse, the second one sister of P. Clodius, an id first 1 Catullus' phrases omnia nostra bona (77. four) absolutely seek advice from Lesbia (cf. sixty eight. 158 'a quo sunt primo omnia nata bona'). A fake pal is bitterly reproached in poem seventy three additionally, yet no identify i. s given, a~d it can't appropriately be adduced in aid of seventy seven· 2 For those difficulties cf. C. L. Neudling, A Prosojography to Catullus (lowa reviews in Classical Philology XII, 1955), pp. 37 ff. (in an attractive dialogue of Caelius, yet too hugely coloure<;l by means of inference for use with no a lot caution). three For the main concerned see Bentley on Horace, C. ii. 12. thirteen, and cf. Fraenkel, Horace (Oxford, 1957), p. sixty two, n0te three· G 149 APPENDIXES instructed within the 16th century through Petrus Victorius ( Var. Lect. xvi. 1). one of many details within the argument (see Ellis's observation on Catullus, pp. lxiii ff. for the complete info) is the identity of M. Caelius Rufus as a rival of Catullus, with the outcome that Cicero's speech turns into legitimate proof for the nature and character of Lesbia. the speculation has no longer, besides the fact that, came across unanimous attractiveness. 1 Rothstein has maintained2 that not one of the arguments is so definitive that it can't observe both weil to the Clodia who used to be P. Clodius' youngest sister, married to Lucuilus and divorced through him. three G. Giri, in a depressing paper,4 dismisses each one of many traditional arguments as proving not anything, and concludes that the 'Clodia' of Apuleius used to be no relation of P. Clodius yet another member of the gens. there's a precis of those dissentient perspectives, with references to prior discussions, in M. Schuster's article in RE viia (1948), s. v. Valerius, no. one hundred twenty, cols. 2357 ff. , as weil as a transparent restatement of the grounds for accepting the normal idea. s lt turns out to me that the plausibil~ty of Victorius' unique identity continues to be unshaken. To sum up: Catullus most likely does consult with M. Caelius Rufus in poem seventy seven, and Lesbia is perhaps Clodia Metelli; Cicero's speech presents a possible record for the reconstruction6 of the 'social heritage' of Catullus, andin this fashion his defence of Caelius is of specified significance to the literary historian. 1 See, for instance, the curious comments of Corradinus de Allio on Catullus five, in his version (Venice, 1738). 2 Philologus lxxviü (1923), pp. 19 ff. , and lxxxi (1926), pp. 472 f.

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