By Mark D Meyerson
This publication treats the tumultuous background of the Jews within the colonial state of Valencia via targeting one city, Morvedre. in line with archival assets, it explores the Jews' actions as settlers and officers, their function within the new kingdom's financial improvement, and their speedily altering family members with the Christian conquerors and the topic Muslims. It dissects the Jewish community's inner social and political struggles whereas it handled the monarchy's heavy economic calls for. It additionally considers the controversies surrounding Jewish moneylending and the Jews' embattled place through the rebellions and wars that rocked the dominion within the fourteenth century. The booklet is necessary for college students of Jewish background, Spanish background, and interfaith family members within the heart a long time.
By Daniel Tudor
South Korea's awesome upward push from the ashes: the interior tale of an fiscal, political, and cultural phenomenon
Long overshadowed through Japan and China, South Korea is a small state that occurs to be one of many nice nationwide luck tales of the postwar interval. From a failed country with out democratic culture, ruined and partitioned through battle, and sapped by way of a half-century of colonial rule, South Korea reworked itself in precisely fifty years into an fiscal powerhouse and a democracy that serves as a version for different international locations. without common assets and a practice of authoritarian rule, Korea controlled to complete a moment Asian miracle.
Daniel Tudor is a journalist who has lived in and written approximately Korea for nearly a decade. In Korea: The very unlikely Country, Tudor examines Korea's cultural foundations; the Korean personality; the general public sphere in politics, enterprise, and the office in addition to the kinfolk, courting, and marriage. In doing so, he touches on issues as varied as shamanism, clan-ism, the difficulty posed via North Korea, the myths approximately doing company in Korea, the Koreans' well known hard-partying ethos, and why the infatuation with studying English is now inflicting large social difficulties.
South Korea has gone through miracles right now: financial improvement and entire democratization. The query now could be, will it turn into as a few see Japan, a wealthy but getting older society, without strength and momentum? Or will the dynamism of Korean society and its willingness to change—as good because the chance it has now to welcome outsiders into its fold—enable it to event a 3rd miracle that may propel it into the ranks of the world's best international locations when it comes to human tradition, democracy, and wealth?
More than simply one journalist's account, Korea: The very unlikely Country additionally attracts on interviews with some of the those who made South Korea what it really is at the present time. those include:
- Choi Min-sik, the big name of "Old Boy".
- Park Won-soon, Mayor of Seoul.
- Soyeon Yi, Korea's first astronaut Hong Myung-bo, mythical captain of Korea's 2002 FIFA international Cup team.
- Shin Joong-hyun, the 'Godfather of Korean Rock'.
- Ko Un, poet.
- Hong Seok-cheon, restaurateur, and the 1st Korean megastar to 'come out'.
And many extra, together with a former consultant to President Park Chung-hee; a Shaman priestess ('mudang'); the boss of Korea's greatest matchmaking company; a 'room salon' hostess; an architect; in addition to cooks, musicians, lecturers, marketers, homemakers, and chaebol conglomerate staff.
By David H Caldwell
A hoard of ivory chessmen and different gaming items used to be chanced on buried at the Isle of Lewis within the early nineteenth century. The items are actually divided among nationwide Museums Scotland and the British Museum, and fascinate all who see them. specialists agree that they're medieval and of Scandinavian beginning. This illustrated social gathering of the hoard appears at its origins, its discovery and, utilizing the abilities of a forensic anthropologist, its craftsmanship.
By Slava Gerovitch
In this e-book, Slava Gerovitch argues that Soviet cybernetics was once not only an highbrow pattern yet a social circulate for radical reform in technological know-how and society as an entire. fans of cybernetics considered computing device simulation as a common approach to challenge fixing and the language of cybernetics as a language of objectivity and fact. With this new objectivity, they challenged the prevailing order of items in economics and politics in addition to in science.The background of Soviet cybernetics a curious arc. within the Nineteen Fifties it was once classified a reactionary pseudoscience and a weapon of imperialist ideology. With the coming of Khrushchev's political "thaw," despite the fact that, it used to be obvious as an blameless sufferer of political oppression, and it developed right into a stream for radical reform of the Stalinist approach of technology. within the early Sixties it used to be hailed as "science within the carrier of communism," yet by means of the top of the last decade it had changed into a shallow stylish pattern. utilizing huge new archival fabrics, Gerovitch argues that those fluctuating attitudes mirrored profound adjustments in clinical language and examine technique throughout disciplines, in strength relatives in the medical neighborhood, and within the political function of scientists and engineers in Soviet society. His precise research of medical discourse indicates how the Newspeak of the past due Stalinist interval and the Cyberspeak that challenged it will definitely mixed into "CyberNewspeak."
By Oscar Guardiola-Rivera
On September eleven, 1973, President Salvador Allende of Chile was once deposed in a violent coup led via common Augusto Pinochet. The coup have been within the works for months, even years. almost immediately after giving a farewell speech to his humans, Allende died of gunshot wounds―whether inflicted through his personal hand or an assassin's continues to be doubtful. Pinochet governed Chile for 1 / 4 century, however the brief upward push and bloody fall of Allende continues to be the topic of fierce old debate.
In a global within the throes of the chilly struggle, the seeming backwater of Chile grew to become the host of a truly scorching conflict―with Henry Kissinger and the Western institution aligned with Pinochet's insurgents opposed to a socialist coalition of scholars, staff, Pablo Neruda, and folks singers, led by means of the intense ideologue Allende. Revolution and counterrevolution performed out in image aspect, relocating the small South American kingdom to the guts of the realm level within the dramatic autumn of 1973. Now the emerging younger pupil Oscar Guardiola-Rivera supplies us a travel de strength account of a old crossroads, tracing the future of democracy, and the trails of energy, cash, and violence that also shadow Latin the US and its relatives with the United States.
By Hugh B. Urban
A posh physique of spiritual practices that unfold during the Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain traditions; a kind of spirituality that probably combines sexuality, sensual excitement, and the complete diversity of actual event with the non secular life—Tantra has held a valuable but conflicted position in the Western mind's eye ever because the first "discovery" of Indian religions via eu students. continuously radical, continually super different, Tantra has confirmed a key consider the imagining of India. This e-book deals a serious account of ways the phenomenon has turn out to be.
Tracing the complicated family tree of Tantra as a class in the background of religions, Hugh B. city finds the way it has been shaped in the course of the interaction of renowned and scholarly imaginations. Tantra emerges as a made of mirroring and misrepresentation at paintings among East and West--a dialectical class born out of the continuing play among Western and Indian minds. Combining ancient aspect, textual research, well known cultural phenomena, and important idea, this publication exhibits Tantra as a moving amalgam of fantasies, fears, and wish-fulfillment, straight away local and different, that moves on the very center of our structures of the unique Orient and the modern West.
By Peter D'Epiro
The booklet of Firsts is an pleasing, enlightening, and hugely browsable journey of the main strategies of the prior twenty centuries and the way they formed our world.
Peter D’Epiro makes this convenient evaluation of human historical past either enjoyable and thought-provoking along with his survey of the foremost “firsts”—inventions, discoveries, political and armed forces upheavals, creative and medical breakthroughs, non secular controversies, and catastrophic events—of the final thousand years. Who was once the 1st to exploit gunpowder? Invent paper? Sack town of Rome? Write a sonnet? What was once the 1st collage? the 1st astronomical telescope? the 1st nice novel? the 1st Impressionist portray? The e-book of Firsts explores those questions and lots of extra, from the earliest surviving cookbook (featuring parboiled flamingo) and the beginning of chess (sixth-century India) to the 1st civil carrier examination (China in 606 advert) and the 1st tell-all memoir approximately scandalous royals (Byzantine Emperor Justinian and Empress Theodora). within the kind of one hundred fifty short, witty, erudite, and information-packed essays, The booklet of Firsts is perfect for someone attracted to an stress-free strategy to gather a deeper realizing of background and the interesting personalities who solid it.
By G.J. Meyer
NEW YORK occasions BESTSELLER
Acclaimed historian G. J. Meyer offers a clean examine the fabled Tudor dynasty—and the most enigmatic figures ever to rule a rustic. In 1485, Henry Tudor, whose declare to the English throne was once so vulnerable as to be virtually laughable, however sailed from France with a ragtag military to take the crown from the relatives that had governed England for nearly 4 centuries. Fifty years later, his son, Henry VIII, aimed to grab even larger powers—ultimately forsaking a brutal legacy that will blight the lives of his young ones and the future of his nation. Edward VI, a fervent believer in reforming the English church, died sooner than figuring out his dream. Mary I, the disgraced daughter of Catherine of Aragon, attempted and did not reestablish the Catholic Church and convey an inheritor, whereas Elizabeth I sacrificed all likelihood of private happiness on the way to live on.
The Tudors provides the sinners and saints, the tragedies and triumphs, the excessive goals and darkish crimes, of this spell binding period.
Name them local americans, American Indians, indigenous peoples, or first countries — an enormous and various array of countries, tribes, and cultures populated each nook of North the US lengthy earlier than Columbus arrived. Native American background For Dummies finds what's recognized approximately their pre-Columbian historical past and exhibits how their presence, customs, and ideology stimulated every little thing that used to be to stick with.
This trouble-free advisor breaks down their ten-thousand-plus 12 months background and explores their effect on eu cost of the continent. you will achieve clean perception into the foremost tribal countries, their cultures and traditions, struggle and well-known battles; and the lives of such icons as Pocahontas, Sitting Bull and Sacagawea. you are going to discover:
- How and while the local American's ancestors reached the continent
- How tribes shaped and the place they migrated
- What North the US used to be like prior to 1492
- How local peoples maximized their environment
- Pre-Columbian farmers, fishermen, hunters, and traders
- The influence of Spain and France at the New World
- Great Warriors from Tecumseh to Geronimo
- How local American cultures differed around the continent
- Native American religions and non secular practices
- The beautiful impression of disorder on American Indian populations
- Modern hobbies to reclaim local identity
- Great museums, books, and movies approximately local Americans
Packed with attention-grabbing proof approximately useful and ceremonial garments, houses and shelters, boatbuilding, searching, agriculture, mythology, intertribal family members, and extra, Native American heritage For Dummies offers a stunning and informative creation to North America's first inhabitants.
By Maurice Walsh
The Irish Revolution - the battle among the British gurus and the newly-formed IRA - used to be the 1st winning rebel at any place opposed to the British Empire. it is a vividly-written, compelling narrative putting occasions in eire within the wider context of a global in turmoil after the finishing of an international conflict: person who observed the cave in of empires and the increase of fascist Italy and communist Russia. Walsh indicates how advancements in Europe and the USA had a profound impact on eire, influencing the attitudes and expectancies of warring parties and civilians.
Walsh additionally brings to lifestyles what Irish those that weren't totally focused on the scuffling with have been doing - the performs they went to, the interesting movies they watched within the new cinemas, the books they learn and the paintings they did. the liberty from Britain that almost all of them sought after used to be, while it got here, a sour unhappiness to a iteration conscious of the promise of modernity.